Wednesday, 16 July 2014

Greatness of the five-lettered mantra

पंचाक्षरमहिमावर्णनं नाम चतुर्दशोऽध्यायः
Description of the greatness of the five-lettered mantra – Chapter 14



ईश्वर उवाच |
God said (to the supreme Goddess)



यावज्जीवं जपेन्नित्यमष्टोत्तरसहस्रकम् |
अनन्यस्तत्परो भूत्वा स याति परमां गतिम् || 17 ||
As long as a living being chants (the Guru given mantra) a thousand and eight times everyday eagerly after completely devoting oneself, he attains the highest state.

Tuesday, 1 July 2014

Importance of the five-lettered mantra

पंचाक्षरमाहात्म्यवर्णनं नाम द्वादशोऽध्यायः
Description of the greatness/importance of the five-lettered mantra – Chapter 12



उपमन्युरुवाच |
Upamanyu said (to Lord Krishna)




नमस्कारादिसंयुक्तं शिवायेत्यक्षरत्रयम् |
जिह्वाग्रे वर्तते यस्य सफलं तस्य जीवितम् || 36 ||
अंत्यजो वाधमो वापि मूर्खो वा पंडितोऽपि वा |
पंचाक्षरजपे निष्ठो मुच्यते पापपंजरात् || 37 ||
इत्युक्तं परमेशेन देव्या पृष्टेन शूलिना |
हिताय सर्वमर्त्यानां द्विजानां तु विशेषतः || 38 ||
One on whose front of the tongue exists the triplet of letters Shivaya with Namah in the beginning, his living (his life) is successful (has been worthwhile).
A person of the lowest caste or a person of lowest quality or a fool or even a scholar (if) oriented towards chanting the five-lettered mantra, gets released from the cage of sins.
Such (was) spoken by the supreme God Shiva (holding the spear) on being asked by the Goddess, for the good of all mortals, but particularly for Brahmins.

Thursday, 12 June 2014

Importance of five lettered mantra

पंचाक्षरमाहात्म्यवर्णनं नाम द्वादशोऽध्यायः
Description of the greatness/importance of the five-lettered mantra – Chapter 12



उपमन्युरुवाच |
Upamanyu said (to Lord Krishna)




एतावत्तु शिवज्ञानमेतावत्परमं पदम् |
यदोंनमश्शिवायेति शिववाक्यं षडक्षरम् || 20 ||
This much is the knowledge about Lord Shiva; this is the highest state, which is Om Namah Shivaya, the six-lettered Shiva-sentence.

Shloka 34 of chapter 17 in Vidyeshwara Samhita mentioned that the five-lettered mantra should always be chanted with the Pranava (Om) in the beginning.

Tuesday, 27 May 2014

Importance of five lettered mantra

पंचाक्षरमाहात्म्यवर्णनं नाम द्वादशोऽध्यायः
Description of the greatness/importance of the five-lettered mantra – Chapter 12



उपमन्युरुवाच |
Upamanyu said (to Lord Krishna)



पंचाक्षरस्य माहात्म्यं वर्षकोटिशतैरपि |
अशक्यं विस्तराद्वक्तुं तस्मात्संक्षेपतः शृणु || 2 ||
It is impossible to speak of the importance of the five-lettered mantra (Namah Shivaya) in (full) detail in even ten million years. Therefore, hear (it) in short.

Friday, 9 May 2014

Mind Fixation

शिवज्ञानवर्णनं नामैकादशोऽध्यायः
Description of the knowledge about Lord Shiva – Chapter 11



उपमन्युरुवाच |
Upamanyu said (to Lord Krishna)



नैकाग्रं चेच्छिवे चित्तं किं कृतेनापि कर्मणा |
एकाग्रमेव चेच्चित्तं किं कृतेनापि कर्मणा || 53 ||
तस्मात्कर्माण्यकृत्वा वा कृत्वा वांतर्बहिःक्रमात् |
येन केनाप्युपायेन शिवे चित्तं निवेशयेत् || 54 ||
If the mind does get fixed on Lord Shiva, (then also) what is the use of even doing (various) deeds?

Therefore after doing or not doing (various) deeds internally or externally, by some means or the other, the mind should be fixed on Lord Shiva.  

Friday, 2 May 2014

Devotion to Lord Shiva

शिवभक्तिवर्णनं नाम दशमोऽध्यायः
Devotion to Lord Shiva – description Chapter 10



ईश्वर उवाच |
God said (to the supreme Goddess Parvati)



न मे प्रियश्चतुर्वेदी मद्भक्तो श्वपचोऽपि यः | 71
One who knows four Vedas is not my favourite (but) my devotee (is a favourite) even if a dog eater.



पत्रं पुष्पं फलं तोयं यो मे भक्त्या प्रयच्छति |
तस्याहं न प्रणश्यामि स च मे न प्रणश्यति || 72 ||
One who gives me a leaf, a flower, a fruit (or) water with devotion – I do not keep away from him and he does not disappear from me.



These half-shlokas appear in Bhagavad Gita in two places. The first line is in Chapter 9, shloka 26 and the second one is in Chapter 6, shloka 30. Chapter 9, shloka 26 of Bhagavad Gita appears also in Bhagavat Purana, skandha 10, Chapter 81, shloka 4.

Tuesday, 22 April 2014

Devotion to Lord Shiva

शिवभक्तिवर्णनं नाम दशमोऽध्यायः
Devotion to Lord Shiva – description Chapter 10



ईश्वर उवाच |
God said (to the supreme Goddess Parvati)



द्विधा मत्पूजनं ज्ञेयं बाह्यमाभ्यंतरं तथा |
वाङ्मनःकायभेदाच्च त्रिधा मद्भजनं विदुः || 47 ||
My worship should be known to be of two kinds, external and internal, (and is) known to be (done in) three ways – by speech, by mind and by the body.

Tuesday, 15 April 2014

Yoga

शिवभक्तिवर्णनं नाम दशमोऽध्यायः
Devotion to Lord Shiva – description Chapter 10



ईश्वर उवाच |
God said (to the supreme Goddess Parvati)



वैराग्याज्जायते ज्ञानं ज्ञानाद्योगः प्रवर्तते || 36 ||
योगज्ञः पतितो वापि मुच्यते नात्र संशयः | 37
From non-attachment emerges knowledge, from knowledge, Yoga prevails. One who knows Yoga, even if fallen, get released (liberated from the cycle of births and deaths), there is no doubt about this.

Thursday, 10 April 2014

Four legs of Dharma

शिवभक्तिवर्णनं नाम दशमोऽध्यायः
Devotion to Lord Shiva – description Chapter 10



ईश्वर उवाच |
God said (to the supreme Goddess Parvati)



ज्ञानं क्रिया च चर्या च योगश्चेति सुरेश्वरि |
चतुष्पादः समाख्यातो मम धर्मस्सनातनः || 30 ||
पशुपाशपतिज्ञानं ज्ञानमित्यभिधीयते |
षडध्वशुद्धिर्विधिना गुर्वधीना क्रियोच्यते || 31 ||
वर्णाश्रमप्रयुक्तस्य मयैव विहितस्य च |
ममार्चनादिधर्मस्य चर्या चर्येति कथ्यते || 32 ||
मदुक्तेनैव मार्गेण मय्यवस्थितचेतसः |
वृत्त्यंतरनिरोधो यो योग इत्यभिधीयते || 33 ||
Goddess of the Devas, knowledge, Kriya/procedures and Charya/conduct/behaviour and Yoga – these are called the four legs of my eternal Dharma.
Knowledge of pashu (being), cord (that which ties a living being), lordship is called knowledge. Shadadhva purification (initiation) procedure depending on a Guru is called Kriya (procedure).
Behaviour according to Varnashrama Dharma determined by me only and activities related to my worship, etc. is called Charya (conduct).
On the path spoken by me, with the mind fixed in me, suppression/prevention of chitta/thinking, that is called Yoga.

Bhagavat Purana lists truth, compassion, penance and charity as the four legs of Dharma in one shloka, and austerity, purity, mercy and truth in another shloka.

Friday, 4 April 2014

Faith

शिवभक्तिवर्णनं नाम दशमोऽध्यायः
Devotion to Lord Shiva – description Chapter 10



ईश्वर उवाच |
God said (to the supreme Goddess Parvati)



न कर्मणा न तपसा न जपैर्नासनादिभिः |
न ज्ञानेन न चान्येन वश्योऽहं श्रद्धया विना || 15 ||
श्रद्धा मय्यस्ति चेत्पुंसां येन केनापि हेतुना |
वश्यः स्पृश्यश्च दृश्यश्च पूज्यस्संभाष्य एव च || 16 ||
साध्या तस्मान्मयि श्रद्धा मां वशीकर्तुमिच्छता |
श्रद्धा हेतुस्स्वधर्मस्य रक्षणं वर्णिनामिह || 17 ||
स्ववर्णाश्रमधर्मेण वर्तते यस्तु मानवः |
तस्यैव भवति श्रद्धा मयि नान्यस्य कस्यचित् || 18 ||
I am not brought under control without faith, not by deeds, not by penance, not by japa (chanting), not by postures, etc., not by knowledge and not by other (means).
If one has faith in me for just any purpose, for controlling, for touching, for seeing, and for worshipping and for hearing (me), (it can control me).
Those who want to control me should therefore try to achieve my faith. To achieve that faith, (one should) protect/follow one's Varnashrama Dharma (duties of different professions at different ages) on the earth.
A human who follows his Varnashrama Dharma, only he gets my faith, and nobody else.

Friday, 28 March 2014

Unperishable

पशुपतित्वज्ञानयोगो नाम पंचमोऽध्यायः 
Pashupati lordship knowledge Chapter 5



उपमन्युरुवाच |
Upamanyu said (to Lord Krishna)



क्षरस्सर्वाणि भूतानि कूटस्थोऽक्षर उच्यते | 11
All living beings (are) perishable/temporary, (while) the unchanging (supreme soul) is called eternal/permanent.



The same half-shloka appears in Bhagavad Gita in Chapter 15, shloka 16.

Thursday, 27 March 2014

Shiva and Shakti

गौरीशंकरविभूतियोगो नाम चतुर्थोऽध्यायः
Goddess Parvati and Lord Shiva greatness Chapter 4



उपमन्युरुवाच |
Upamanyu said (to Lord Krishna)



यथा न जायते पुत्रः पितरं मातरं विना |
तथा भवं भवानीं च विना नैतच्चराचरम् | 37
Just as a son is not born without a father (and) a mother, there (would be) no living and non-living beings (world) without Lord Shiva and the supreme Goddess Uma.

Wednesday, 26 March 2014

Shakti

गौरीशंकरविभूतियोगो नाम चतुर्थोऽध्यायः 
Goddess Parvati and Lord Shiva greatness Chapter 4



उपमन्युरुवाच |
Upamanyu said (to Lord Krishna)



तस्माच्छक्तिमयं सर्वं जगत्स्थावरजंगमम् | 29
Therefore the whole universe, living and non-living beings, is of the form of energy.

Tuesday, 18 March 2014

Shiva and Shakti

गौरीशंकरविभूतियोगो नाम चतुर्थोऽध्यायः
Goddess Parvati and Lord Shiva greatness Chapter 4



उपमन्युरुवाच |
Upamanyu said (to Lord Krishna)



एवं परस्परापेक्षा शक्तिशक्तिमतोः स्थिता |
न शिवेन विना शक्तिर्न शक्त्या च विना शिवः || 12 ||
In this way (just as sunlight and sun) Goddess Shakti and Shaktiman (Lord Shiva) exist depending on each other. No Lord Shiva without Goddess Shakti and no Goddess Shakti without Lord Shiva.

Monday, 10 March 2014

Pashupati

वायवीयसंहितायामुत्तरभागे कृष्णपुत्रप्राप्तिवर्णनं नाम द्वितीयोऽध्यायः
Vayaviya Samhita, Later/north part, Lord Krishna's son obtaining description Chapter 2



उपमन्युरुवाच |
Upamanyu said (to Lord Krishna)



ब्रह्माद्याः स्थावरांताश्च देवदेवस्य शूलिनः |
पशवः परिकीर्त्यंते संसारवशवर्तिनः || 11 ||
तेषां पतित्वाद्देवेशः शिवः पशुपतिः स्मृतः |
मलमायादिभिः पाशैः स बध्नाति पशून्पतिः || 12 ||
स एव मोचकस्तेषां भक्त्या सम्यगुपासितः | 13
From Lord Brahma to stationary things, under the control of the material world (or Maya), are called the "pashus" of Lord Shiva, the God of the Devas.
Because of his lordship over them, Lord Shiva is considered to be the "Pashupati". The Lord ties/binds the "pashus" with the cord of Maya (the illusion causing power), dirt, etc.
He only is their liberator, (if) worshipped properly by devotion.

Friday, 7 March 2014

Upamanyu's penance

उपमन्युतपोवर्णनं नाम चतुस्त्रिंशोऽध्यायः
Upamanyu's penance description Chapter 34



वायुरुवाच |
Vayudeva said (to the sages)



भक्त्या पञ्चाक्षरेणैव पत्रैः पुष्पैर्वनोद्भवैः |
समभ्यर्च्य चिरं कालं चचार परमं तपः || 54 ||
Worshipping (a Shivalinga made of clay/mud) with leaves and flowers which grow in the forest with the five-lettered (mantra) with devotion for a long time, (Upamanyu) practised penance of the highest level (consuming only wind, not food).

Monday, 3 March 2014

Namah Shivaya

उपमन्युतपोवर्णनं नाम चतुस्त्रिंशोऽध्यायः
Upamanyu's penance description Chapter 34



मातोवाच |
(Upamanyu's) mother said (to Upamanyu)



तस्मान्मन्त्रान्तरांस्त्यक्त्वा पंचाक्षरपरो भव |
तस्मिञ्जिह्वांतरगते न किंचिदिह दुर्लभम् || 46 ||
Therefore (since this mantra is powerful and can protect you always) forget other mantras and become engrossed in the five-lettered (Namah Shivaya). Once it gets on your tongue nothing is difficult to get in this world.



Chapter 32 of Shatarudra Samhita contains the same story and has some similar shlokas.



मंत्रं च ते मया दत्तं गृहाण मदनुज्ञया |
अनेनैवाशु जप्तेन रक्षा तव भविष्यति || 49 ||
And take the mantra given by me by my authorisation. By chanting only this (mantra) quickly your protection will take place.

Tuesday, 25 February 2014

Knowledge advice

ज्ञानोपदेशो नामैकत्रिंशोऽध्यायः
Knowledge advice Chapter 31



वायुरुवाच |
Vayudeva said (to the sages)



दुःखमेव हि सर्वोऽपि संसार इति निश्चितम् |
कथं दुःखमदुःखं स्यात्स्वभावो ह्यविपर्ययः || 83 ||
The whole material world is (a synonym of) suffering only, that is certain. How would suffering (material world) become non-suffering, a nature which is really contrary/opposite?

Friday, 21 February 2014

Knowledge is the ultimate remedy

ज्ञानोपदेशो नामैकत्रिंशोऽध्यायः
Knowledge advice Chapter 31



वायुरुवाच |
Vayudeva said (to the sages)



अस्य रोगस्य भैषज्यं ज्ञानमेव न चापरम् |
भिषगाज्ञापकः शम्भुश्शिवः परमकारणम् || 81 ||
The remedy of this disease (samsara, the material world) is only knowledge and nothing else. The prescriber of the medicine is Lord Shiva, the ultimate cause.

Monday, 17 February 2014

Knowledge advice

ज्ञानोपदेशो नामैकत्रिंशोऽध्यायः
Knowledge advice Chapter 31



वायुरुवाच |
Vayudeva said (to the sages)



हिते सदा नियुक्तं तु सर्वं चिदचिदात्मकम् |
स्वभावप्रतिबन्धं तत्समं न लभते हितम् || 54 ||
यथा विकाशयत्येव रविः पद्मानि भानुभिः |
समं न विकसन्त्येव स्वस्वभावानुरोधतः || 55 ||
(Lord Shiva is) involved in doing good always to good as well as bad (living beings) but because of one's characteristics/nature, one does not get the same amount of benefit.
Just as the sun radiates its brilliance (equally) on lotuses (but they) do not grow equally according to their characteristics/natures.