Tuesday, 15 April 2014

Yoga

शिवभक्तिवर्णनं नाम दशमोऽध्यायः
Devotion to Lord Shiva – description Chapter 10



ईश्वर उवाच |
God said (to the supreme Goddess Parvati)



वैराग्याज्जायते ज्ञानं ज्ञानाद्योगः प्रवर्तते || 36 ||
योगज्ञः पतितो वापि मुच्यते नात्र संशयः | 37
From non-attachment emerges knowledge, from knowledge, Yoga prevails. One who knows Yoga, even if fallen, get released (liberated from the cycle of births and deaths), there is no doubt about this.

Thursday, 10 April 2014

Four legs of Dharma

शिवभक्तिवर्णनं नाम दशमोऽध्यायः
Devotion to Lord Shiva – description Chapter 10



ईश्वर उवाच |
God said (to the supreme Goddess Parvati)



ज्ञानं क्रिया च चर्या च योगश्चेति सुरेश्वरि |
चतुष्पादः समाख्यातो मम धर्मस्सनातनः || 30 ||
पशुपाशपतिज्ञानं ज्ञानमित्यभिधीयते |
षडध्वशुद्धिर्विधिना गुर्वधीना क्रियोच्यते || 31 ||
वर्णाश्रमप्रयुक्तस्य मयैव विहितस्य च |
ममार्चनादिधर्मस्य चर्या चर्येति कथ्यते || 32 ||
मदुक्तेनैव मार्गेण मय्यवस्थितचेतसः |
वृत्त्यंतरनिरोधो यो योग इत्यभिधीयते || 33 ||
Goddess of the Devas, knowledge, Kriya/procedures and Charya/conduct/behaviour and Yoga – these are called the four legs of my eternal Dharma.
Knowledge of pashu (being), cord (that which ties a living being), lordship is called knowledge. Shadadhva purification (initiation) procedure depending on a Guru is called Kriya (procedure).
Behaviour according to Varnashrama Dharma determined by me only and activities related to my worship, etc. is called Charya (conduct).
On the path spoken by me, with the mind fixed in me, suppression/prevention of chitta/thinking, that is called Yoga.

Bhagavat Purana lists truth, compassion, penance and charity as the four legs of Dharma in one shloka, and austerity, purity, mercy and truth in another shloka.

Friday, 4 April 2014

Faith

शिवभक्तिवर्णनं नाम दशमोऽध्यायः
Devotion to Lord Shiva – description Chapter 10



ईश्वर उवाच |
God said (to the supreme Goddess Parvati)



न कर्मणा न तपसा न जपैर्नासनादिभिः |
न ज्ञानेन न चान्येन वश्योऽहं श्रद्धया विना || 15 ||
श्रद्धा मय्यस्ति चेत्पुंसां येन केनापि हेतुना |
वश्यः स्पृश्यश्च दृश्यश्च पूज्यस्संभाष्य एव च || 16 ||
साध्या तस्मान्मयि श्रद्धा मां वशीकर्तुमिच्छता |
श्रद्धा हेतुस्स्वधर्मस्य रक्षणं वर्णिनामिह || 17 ||
स्ववर्णाश्रमधर्मेण वर्तते यस्तु मानवः |
तस्यैव भवति श्रद्धा मयि नान्यस्य कस्यचित् || 18 ||
I am not brought under control without faith, not by deeds, not by penance, not by japa (chanting), not by postures, etc., not by knowledge and not by other (means).
If one has faith in me for just any purpose, for controlling, for touching, for seeing, and for worshipping and for hearing (me), (it can control me).
Those who want to control me should therefore try to achieve my faith. To achieve that faith, (one should) protect/follow one's Varnashrama Dharma (duties of different professions at different ages) on the earth.
A human who follows his Varnashrama Dharma, only he gets my faith, and nobody else.

Friday, 28 March 2014

Unperishable

पशुपतित्वज्ञानयोगो नाम पंचमोऽध्यायः 
Pashupati lordship knowledge Chapter 5



उपमन्युरुवाच |
Upamanyu said (to Lord Krishna)



क्षरस्सर्वाणि भूतानि कूटस्थोऽक्षर उच्यते | 11
All living beings (are) perishable/temporary, (while) the unchanging (supreme soul) is called eternal/permanent.



The same half-shloka appears in Bhagavad Gita in Chapter 15, shloka 16.

Thursday, 27 March 2014

Shiva and Shakti

गौरीशंकरविभूतियोगो नाम चतुर्थोऽध्यायः
Goddess Parvati and Lord Shiva greatness Chapter 4



उपमन्युरुवाच |
Upamanyu said (to Lord Krishna)



यथा न जायते पुत्रः पितरं मातरं विना |
तथा भवं भवानीं च विना नैतच्चराचरम् | 37
Just as a son is not born without a father (and) a mother, there (would be) no living and non-living beings (world) without Lord Shiva and the supreme Goddess Uma.

Wednesday, 26 March 2014

Shakti

गौरीशंकरविभूतियोगो नाम चतुर्थोऽध्यायः 
Goddess Parvati and Lord Shiva greatness Chapter 4



उपमन्युरुवाच |
Upamanyu said (to Lord Krishna)



तस्माच्छक्तिमयं सर्वं जगत्स्थावरजंगमम् | 29
Therefore the whole universe, living and non-living beings, is of the form of energy.

Tuesday, 18 March 2014

Shiva and Shakti

गौरीशंकरविभूतियोगो नाम चतुर्थोऽध्यायः
Goddess Parvati and Lord Shiva greatness Chapter 4



उपमन्युरुवाच |
Upamanyu said (to Lord Krishna)



एवं परस्परापेक्षा शक्तिशक्तिमतोः स्थिता |
न शिवेन विना शक्तिर्न शक्त्या च विना शिवः || 12 ||
In this way (just as sunlight and sun) Goddess Shakti and Shaktiman (Lord Shiva) exist depending on each other. No Lord Shiva without Goddess Shakti and no Goddess Shakti without Lord Shiva.

Monday, 10 March 2014

Pashupati

वायवीयसंहितायामुत्तरभागे कृष्णपुत्रप्राप्तिवर्णनं नाम द्वितीयोऽध्यायः
Vayaviya Samhita, Later/north part, Lord Krishna's son obtaining description Chapter 2



उपमन्युरुवाच |
Upamanyu said (to Lord Krishna)



ब्रह्माद्याः स्थावरांताश्च देवदेवस्य शूलिनः |
पशवः परिकीर्त्यंते संसारवशवर्तिनः || 11 ||
तेषां पतित्वाद्देवेशः शिवः पशुपतिः स्मृतः |
मलमायादिभिः पाशैः स बध्नाति पशून्पतिः || 12 ||
स एव मोचकस्तेषां भक्त्या सम्यगुपासितः | 13
From Lord Brahma to stationary things, under the control of the material world (or Maya), are called the "pashus" of Lord Shiva, the God of the Devas.
Because of his lordship over them, Lord Shiva is considered to be the "Pashupati". The Lord ties/binds the "pashus" with the cord of Maya (the illusion causing power), dirt, etc.
He only is their liberator, (if) worshipped properly by devotion.

Friday, 7 March 2014

Upamanyu's penance

उपमन्युतपोवर्णनं नाम चतुस्त्रिंशोऽध्यायः
Upamanyu's penance description Chapter 34



वायुरुवाच |
Vayudeva said (to the sages)



भक्त्या पञ्चाक्षरेणैव पत्रैः पुष्पैर्वनोद्भवैः |
समभ्यर्च्य चिरं कालं चचार परमं तपः || 54 ||
Worshipping (a Shivalinga made of clay/mud) with leaves and flowers which grow in the forest with the five-lettered (mantra) with devotion for a long time, (Upamanyu) practised penance of the highest level (consuming only wind, not food).

Monday, 3 March 2014

Namah Shivaya

उपमन्युतपोवर्णनं नाम चतुस्त्रिंशोऽध्यायः
Upamanyu's penance description Chapter 34



मातोवाच |
(Upamanyu's) mother said (to Upamanyu)



तस्मान्मन्त्रान्तरांस्त्यक्त्वा पंचाक्षरपरो भव |
तस्मिञ्जिह्वांतरगते न किंचिदिह दुर्लभम् || 46 ||
Therefore (since this mantra is powerful and can protect you always) forget other mantras and become engrossed in the five-lettered (Namah Shivaya). Once it gets on your tongue nothing is difficult to get in this world.



Chapter 32 of Shatarudra Samhita contains the same story and has some similar shlokas.



मंत्रं च ते मया दत्तं गृहाण मदनुज्ञया |
अनेनैवाशु जप्तेन रक्षा तव भविष्यति || 49 ||
And take the mantra given by me by my authorisation. By chanting only this (mantra) quickly your protection will take place.

Tuesday, 25 February 2014

Knowledge advice

ज्ञानोपदेशो नामैकत्रिंशोऽध्यायः
Knowledge advice Chapter 31



वायुरुवाच |
Vayudeva said (to the sages)



दुःखमेव हि सर्वोऽपि संसार इति निश्चितम् |
कथं दुःखमदुःखं स्यात्स्वभावो ह्यविपर्ययः || 83 ||
The whole material world is (a synonym of) suffering only, that is certain. How would suffering (material world) become non-suffering, a nature which is really contrary/opposite?

Friday, 21 February 2014

Knowledge is the ultimate remedy

ज्ञानोपदेशो नामैकत्रिंशोऽध्यायः
Knowledge advice Chapter 31



वायुरुवाच |
Vayudeva said (to the sages)



अस्य रोगस्य भैषज्यं ज्ञानमेव न चापरम् |
भिषगाज्ञापकः शम्भुश्शिवः परमकारणम् || 81 ||
The remedy of this disease (samsara, the material world) is only knowledge and nothing else. The prescriber of the medicine is Lord Shiva, the ultimate cause.

Monday, 17 February 2014

Knowledge advice

ज्ञानोपदेशो नामैकत्रिंशोऽध्यायः
Knowledge advice Chapter 31



वायुरुवाच |
Vayudeva said (to the sages)



हिते सदा नियुक्तं तु सर्वं चिदचिदात्मकम् |
स्वभावप्रतिबन्धं तत्समं न लभते हितम् || 54 ||
यथा विकाशयत्येव रविः पद्मानि भानुभिः |
समं न विकसन्त्येव स्वस्वभावानुरोधतः || 55 ||
(Lord Shiva is) involved in doing good always to good as well as bad (living beings) but because of one's characteristics/nature, one does not get the same amount of benefit.
Just as the sun radiates its brilliance (equally) on lotuses (but they) do not grow equally according to their characteristics/natures.

Friday, 14 February 2014

Purification

ज्ञानोपदेशो नामैकत्रिंशोऽध्यायः
Knowledge advice Chapter 31



वायुरुवाच |
Vayudeva said (to the sages)



इति नाग्निरसौ दुष्येत्ताम्रसंसर्गकारणात् |
नाग्नेरशुचिसंसर्गादशुचित्वमपेक्षते || 44 ||
अशुचेस्त्वग्निसंयोगाच्छुचित्वमपि जायते |
एवं शोध्यात्मसंसर्गान्न ह्यशुद्धः शिवो भवेत् || 45 ||
शिवसंसर्गतस्त्वेष शोध्यात्मैव हि शुध्यति |
In this way the fire does not get polluted/corrupted because of the contact of copper. Fire does not get impure by the contact with impure (things).
But purity arises in the impure by the contact with fire. In this (same) way, Lord Shiva does not become impure by contact with a soul which needs to be purified. Only this soul which needs to be purified get purified by contact with Lord Shiva.

Thursday, 13 February 2014

Telling about creation

सृष्टिकथनं नाम सप्तदशोऽध्यायः
Telling about creation – Chapter 17



वायुरुवाच |
Vayudeva said (to the sages)



कन्ये द्वे च महाभागे याभ्यां जातास्त्विमाः प्रजाः |
आकूतिरेका विज्ञेया प्रसूतिरपरा स्मृता || 6 ||
स्वायंभुवः प्रसूतिं च ददौ दक्षाय तां प्रभुः |
रुचेः प्रजापतिश्चैव चाकूतिं समपादयत् || 7 ||
And the two girls (daughters of Manu and Shatarupa) of great fortune from whom these people were born should be known as one Aakuti and the other known as Prasuti.
And Lord Svayambhuva (Manu) gave that Prasuti to Daksha and Aakuti was submitted to Ruchi Prajapati indeed.

Sunday, 2 February 2014

Emergence of the Goddess Shakti

देवीशक्त्युद्भवो नाम षोडशोऽध्यायः
Emergence of the Goddess Shakti Chapter 16



ब्रह्मोवाच |
Lord Brahma said (to the supreme Goddess)



दक्षस्य मम पुत्रस्य पुत्री भव भवार्दिनि | 21
Tormentor of the world, become my son Daksha's daughter.



Like Lord Krishna who is also called Janardana, the supreme Goddess is called Bhavardini here, which literally translates to "tormentor of the world". The supreme Goddess being the Mahamaya, the force of illusion, can be considered to be the cause of suffering in the world.



Shloka 22 of Chapter 3 of Shatarudra Samhita is similar.



दक्षस्य मम पुत्रस्य पुत्री भव भवाम्बिके ||
Instead of Bhavardini, the word used here is Bhavambika, the mother of the world.

Wednesday, 22 January 2014

Emergence of Goddess Shakti

देवीशक्त्युद्भवो नाम षोडशोऽध्यायः
Emergence of the Goddess Shakti Chapter 16



वायुरुवाच |
Vayudeva said (to the sages)



इत्युक्त्वा परमोदारं स्वभावमधुरं वचः |
ससर्ज वपुषो भागाद्देवीं देववरो हरः || 6 ||
Having said that (to Lord Brahma "I am very satisfied; I will give you what you wish") in his naturally sweet speech, highly generous, Lord Shiva, the best of the deities, created Goddess (Uma) from a part (of his) body.



Shloka 13 of Chapter 3 of Shatarudra Samhita is very similar.



इत्युक्त्वा परमोदारं स्वभावमधुरं वचः |
पृथक्चकार वपुषो भागाद्देवीं शिवां शिवः ||



यस्यां न खलु विद्यंते जन्ममृत्युजरादयः |
या भवानी भवस्यांगात्समाविरभवत्किल || 8 ||



That Bhavani whose birth, death, old age, etc. does not exist (is the one) who appeared/emerged really from a part of the body of Lord Shiva.

Friday, 17 January 2014

Origin of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva

ब्रह्मविष्णुसृष्टिकथनं नाम त्रयोदशोऽध्यायः
Description of the creation of Lord Brahma and Lord Vishnu – Chapter 13



वायुरुवाच |
Vayudeva said (to the sages)



एवं कल्पेषु कल्पेषु ब्रह्मविष्णुमहेश्वराः || 19 ||
परस्परेण जायंते परस्परहितैषिणः | 20
In this way, in kalpa after kalpa, Lord Brahma, Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva are born by each other, who wish well of each other.

Thursday, 16 January 2014

Creation

सृष्ट्यादिवर्णनं नामैकादशोऽध्यायः
Creation, etc. description Chapter 11



वायुरुवाच |
Vayudeva said (to the sages)



यस्त्वयं वर्तते कल्पो वाराहो नाम नामतः |
अस्मिन्नपि द्विजश्रेष्ठा मनवस्तु चतुर्दश || 7 ||
स्वायंभुवादयस्सप्त सप्त सावर्णिकादयः |
तेषु वैवस्वतो नाम सप्तमो वर्तते मनुः || 8 ||
This which is the prevailing kalpa is called by the name of Varaha (pig's, actually white pig). Sages, in this too, there are 14 Manus.
Svayambhuva, etc. (are) seven, seven (of the future are) Savarni, etc. Among those, the present Manu is seventh, by the name of Vaivaswata (of the Vivaswan, Sun).

Saturday, 11 January 2014

Time

कालमहिमावर्णनं नाम सप्तमोऽध्यायः
Description of the might of time Chapter 7



वायुरुवाच |
Vayudeva said (to the sages)



तस्मात्कालवशे विश्वं न स विश्ववशे स्थितः |
शिवस्य तु वशे कालो न कालस्य वशे शिवः || 9 ||
Therefore the universe is under the control of time, time is not under the control of the universe. Time is under the control of Lord Shiva, Lord Shiva is not under the control of time.